When Nigerian journalists Bukola Adebayo and Tina Armstrong started reporting on coastal communities living in Lagos, Nigeria, they wanted to focus on the socioeconomic issues affecting the population’s quality of life, with the hope of bringing attention to the plight of these sometimes marginalized communities.
They soon discovered that sand mining and dredging activities were a huge problem, threatening the livelihoods of coastal residents and fueling forceful evictions and violent clashes. As they pursued the story, they partnered with Code for Africa to create compelling data-driven elements that would enhance the impact of their storytelling online.
The result was Shifting Sands, a multimedia project published in Punch, one of Nigeria’s most widely read newspapers. The project garnered the highest number of hits recorded for a special feature on Punch’s website, with over 25,000 views in its first four weeks. The piece incorporated satellite imagery, drone footage, data visualizations, text and photographs to tell a powerful story on the environmental and socioeconomic impact of sand dredging along Lagos coastlines.
The project was funded through grants from the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting and the Open Society Institute of West Africa (OSIWA) and largely overseen by ICFJ Knight Fellow and Code for Africa data editor Jacopo Ottaviani, who provided his expertise in data journalism, digital cartography and cross-border media management to seamlessly bring all elements together.
Adebayo, the lead journalist on the story, and her team from Punch visited 10 coastal communities over a three-month period, conducting research and interviewing sand miners, community leaders and other stakeholders. Through Code for Africa, Punch was able to work with people with a variety of skills needed to quickly create the digital assets required to ensure greater audience engagement with the final story. While in the field, they discovered that some of the hard-to-reach areas had not been mapped. They worked with the Code for Africa digital team to gather coordinates that would help in mapping and visualizing the story in order to give the audience a better experience.
“Combining the journalism skills of Bukola and her team at Punch with the innovative vision of Code for Africa created the perfect ground for a story that became one of the most engaging pieces ever published by Punch,” Ottaviani said.
Ottaviani served as a link between the Punch team and Code for Africa’s network of data fellows, designers and developers who provided technology support on the project. For example, Code for Africa data fellow Tricia Govindasamy worked on visualizing data for the story using Atlas charts while Nairobi-based studio Lucid Vis produced social video to reach Punch readers via Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. The team coordinated via Slack to share all the information and digital assets that were finally put together into a longform story using the visual storytelling platform Shorthand.
Bukola credited the high audience numbers to Shifting Sands’ multimedia format, which, when combined with a powerful story, helped readers visualize the problems sand mining and dredging pose to livelihoods and the environment.
“This was my first time working on a reporting project that incorporated so many digital elements. It's also the first immersive multimedia piece to be published in Nigerian media, and it has set a new bar for digital and longform reporting,” Adebayo said. Most importantly, Adebayo reported that dredging operations stopped in the coastal settlements of Sabon Kodji and Bishop Kodji areas in Lagos after the story was published.
Ottaviani has two tips for Nigerian media outlets keen on developing similar projects. First, newsrooms should foster in-house multidisciplinary teams that combine designers, developers, data experts, journalists and specialized managers who know how to coordinate complex, multifaceted projects. Second, newsrooms should invest time and resources to strengthen data and tech literacy. Data-savvy and tech-savvy journalists and editors will eventually be able to interface with this type of special projects.
Main image CC-licensed by Flickr via jfrancis2986.